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DEBIANDOC-SGML

NAME

debiandoc-sgml - overview of the DebianDoc-SGML formatting tools

SYNOPSIS

debiandoc2* [-h] [-b basename] [-s script] [-c] [-d declaration] [-e extension] [-k] [-l locale] [-n nsgmls_options] [--] [source] debiandoc2html [-L] [-s script] [-m] [-t topname] [-1] [shared options]
debiandoc2text [-O] [-s script] [-m] [shared options]
debiandoc2textov [-O] [-s script] [-m] [shared options]
debiandoc2latex [-O] [-s script] [shared options]
debiandoc2latexdvi [-O] [-s script] [-p papersize] [-v] [shared options]
debiandoc2latexps [-O] [-s script] [-p papersize] [-v] [-1] [shared options]
debiandoc2latexpdf [-O] [-s script] [-p papersize] [-v] [shared options]
debiandoc2dvi [-O] [-s script] [-p papersize] [-v] [shared options]
debiandoc2ps [-O] [-s script] [-p papersize] [-v] [-1] [shared options]
debiandoc2pdf [-O] [-s script] [-p papersize] [-v] [shared options]
debiandoc2texinfo [-O] [-s script] [shared options]
debiandoc2info [-s script] [-v] [shared options]
debiandoc2xml [-s script] [-v] [shared options]
debiandoc2sgml [-s script] [-v] [shared options]
debiandoc2docbookxml [-s script] [-v] [shared options]

DESCRIPTION

DebianDoc-SGML is an SGML DTD and a set of formatting tools. These tools convert R source , an SGML document conforming to the DebianDoc-SGML DTD, into various output formats. Each formatting tool I debiandoc2 foo directs its output to B basename . extension where basename is source with any leading directory components and any trailing .sgml removed. If source is - then the input is taken from the standard input. This option is not available with R debiandoc2html , R debiandoc2latexdvi , R debiandoc2latexps , R debiandoc2latexpdf , R debiandoc2dvi , R debiandoc2ps , R debiandoc2pdf , R debiandoc2info , R debiandoc2xml , R debiandoc2sgml , and R debiandoc2docbookxml . debiandoc2html produces a subdirectory B basename .html containing an HTML representation of the input in a set of .html files. The `top level' page is named B basename .html/index.html. debiandoc2text produces a plain ASCII text file B basename .txt formatted to a width of 79 columns. debiandoc2textov produces an ASCII text file B basename .tov formatted to a width of 79 columns, with overstrikes for highlighting (using backspaces and repeated characters or underscores). This is the same ASCII text output style as is generated by troff. debiandoc2latex produces an input file B basename .tex for the LaTeX typesetting system. This can be used to produce PostScript output and PDF output. debiandoc2latexdvi produces a DVI file B basename .dvi via the LaTeX typesetting system. This can be used to produce PostScript output. debiandoc2latexps produces a PostScript file B basename .ps via the LaTeX typesetting system. debiandoc2latexpdf produces a PDF file B basename .pdf via LaTeX typesetting system. debiandoc2dvi produces a DVI file B basename .dvi. Currently this is done via the LaTeX typesetting system. This can be used to produce PostScript output. debiandoc2ps produces a PostScript file B basename .ps. Currently this is done via the LaTeX typesetting system. debiandoc2pdf produces a PDF file B basename .pdf. Currently this is done via the LaTeX typesetting system. debiandoc2texinfo produces an input file B basename .texinfo for the Texinfo documentation system. This can be used to produce an Info file. debiandoc2info produces an Info file B basename .info via the Texinfo documentation system. debiandoc2xml produces a subdirectory B basename .xml containing an DocBook XML representation of the input in a set of .xml files. The `top level' page is named B basename .xml/index.xml. (under development) Multifile XML follows Xinclude specification which requires xsltproc command to use --xinclude option. debiandoc2sgml produces a subdirectory B basename .new.sgml containing a Debiandoc SGML representation of the input in a set of .new.sgml files with reformatted contents and cleanly closed tags. The `top level' page is named B basename .new.sgml/index.new.sgml (under development). The use of the -P option is recommended. debiandoc2docbookxml produces a DocBook XML file B basename .xml via the Texinfo documentation system. (deprecated)

SHARED OPTIONS

The following command line options are supported by all formatting tools:
I -b  basename
Use the indicated basename instead of the default one. If applied to debiandoc2html and given with one or more directory components, the indicated basename is interpreted as basename/prefix with basename now consisting of the given directory components. The resulting basename is used as described above. The prefix is used as prefix of the set of .html files containing the HTML representation of the input, including the `top level' page.
-c
Turn on content-negotiation. This causes the generated output to be named B basename . language . extension with language the language part of the locale used to localize the output.
I -d  declaration
Use the indicated SGML declaration instead of the default ( /usr/share/sgml/debiandoc/dtd/sgml/1.0/debiandoc.dcl ). If given without any leading directory components, declaration is assumed to be in one of the declaration directories in the SGML search paths.
I -e  extension
Use the indicated extension instead of the default one.
I -h
Print the help message on stdout.
I -k
Keep the intermediate files in the directory with the output file(s). This includes files in nsgmls(1)'s output format B basename .sasp and B basename .sasp- foo. For LaTeX based output this also includes the files B basename .aux, B basename .log, B basename .tex and B basename .toc, and for PostScript output the file B basename .dvi as well. Further, if the -O option and/or the -c option and/or the -e option(s) are/is used to generate a DVI, a PDF or a PS file, respectively B basename .dvi, B basename .pdf or B basename .ps is also an intermediate file.
I -l  locale
Use the indicated locale to localize the generated output. If this option is not used or an unsupported locale is indicated, the locale 'en_US.ISO8859-1' is used.
I -n  nsgmls_options
Pass the indicated options directly on to nsgmls(1). May be used more than once.
I --
Separates options from the source in case the latter begins with a hyphen.

SPECIFIC OPTIONS

The following command line options are supported only by some formatting tools (see the synopsis above for which tool support which option):
I -L
Add <link> tags to the header of the generated HTML file(s).
I -P
Add extra <p> tags to the regenerated SGML file(s) around <list>, <enumlist>, <taglist>, <example>, ... to work with Debiandoc SGML syntax.
I -O
Output to standard output instead of to the file B basename . extension. This is implied when input is taken from standard input.
I -m
Put the comments in footnote style in the output.
I -s  script
Apply the specified script on the intermediate .latex or .texinfo file. (Or apply the specified script on the generated file) The script is called with parameters [ -l  locale ] inputfile outputfile . This may be useful to support new features, to correct bogus hyphenations, ... (Currently, the default value for this script hook for .tex file is set to /usr/share/debiandoc-sgml/fixlatex which fixes Chinese big5 encoding issues.)
I -p  papersize
Produce output in the indicated R papersize . See papersize(5) for details.
I -t  topname
Use the indicated topname (without extension) as the name of the `top level' page instead of the default one.
I -v
Be verbose when invoking secondary processors.
I -1
Generate one page for HTML output. Generate 1 page per page (default) for PostScript output (as this is the default now the option is deprecated and will likely be removed in the future).
I -x
Generate XHTML compliant HTML output.

DIAGNOSTICS

Error messages from the validating SGML parser nsgmls(1) indicate something is wrong with R source . Make sure R source conforms to the DebianDoc-SGML DTD. Error messages from saspconvert (an internally used script of the DebianDoc-SGML package) indicates a problem with the package itself. Please report them to the package maintainer via Debian's bug reporting system. If debiandoc2latexdvi, debiandoc2latexps, debiandoc2latexpdf, debiandoc2dvi, debiandoc2ps, debiandoc2pdf, debiandoc2info, or debiandoc2docbookxml encounter an error when calling their secondary processors, they issue an appropriate error message and indicate to use the -v option to see the output generated by these secondary processors (which can be a lot!). The latter three also indicate to check the log file B basename .log. If an error occurred, none of the already generated intermediate files are removed. They are removed in the next successful conversion of the same source by the same I debiandoc2 foo (unless the -k option is used).

NOTES

If I debiandoc2 foo is about to overwrite an already existing intermediate file, it issues an appropriate warning message (except for files in nsgmls(1)'s output format). See the description of the -k option for a complete overview of the intermediate files.

BUGS

There should be a program to convert the overstrikes generated by debiandoc2textov from using backspaces to using carriage returns. The paper size support in R debiandoc2latexdvi , R debiandoc2latexps , R debiandoc2latexpdf , R debiandoc2dvi , R debiandoc2ps , and R debiandoc2pdf is not complete. When R debiandoc2html is invoked with -x option to produce XHTML compliant code, the index format control features of <enumlist> will not work and it produces <enumlist> in the compaact format. The 2 new commands R debiandoc2xml and R debiandoc2sgml and the new XHTML feature of R debiandoc2html command may contain some bugs but I think they are quite usable. The generated XML code through TeXInfo system by R debiandoc2docbookxml command contains many noise texts and is not proper XML. (Do not use this)

SEE ALSO

R /usr/share/doc/debiandoc-sgml-doc/
DebianDoc-SGML documentation in SGML (= source), HTML, PDF and plain text format (currently only the SGML DTD is described)
R /usr/share/doc/sp/
SP suite (which includes the validating SGML parser nsgmls) documentation in HTML format

AUTHOR

Ardo van Rangelrooij <ardo@debian.org>
Ian Jackson (original version)