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bounce - Postfix bounce message template format


bounce_template_file = /etc/postfix/bounce.cf

postconf -b [template_file]


The Postfix bounce(8) server produces delivery status notification (DSN) messages for undeliverable mail, delayed mail, successful delivery or address verification requests. By default, these notifications are generated from built-in templates with message headers and message text. Sites can override the built-in information by specifying a bounce template file with the bounce_template_file configuration parameter. This document describes the general procedure to create a bounce template file, followed by the specific details of bounce template formats.


To create a customized bounce template file, create a
copy of the file /etc/postfix/bounce.cf.default and
edit the temporary file.

To preview the results of $name expansions in the
template text, use the command

    postconf -b temporary_file
Errors in the template will be reported to the standard error stream and to the syslog daemon. While previewing the text, be sure to pay particular attention to the expansion of time value parameters that appear in the delayed mail notification text. Once the result is satisfactory, copy the template to the Postfix configuration directory and specify in main.cf something like:
    bounce_template_file = /etc/postfix/bounce.cf


The template file can specify templates for failed mail,
delayed mail, successful delivery or for address verification.
These templates are named failure_template,
delay_template, success_template and
verify_template, respectively.  You can but do not
have to specify all four templates in a bounce template

Each template starts with "template_name = <<EOF"
and ends with a line that contains the word "EOF"
only. You can change the word EOF, but you can't enclose
it in quotes as with the shell or with Perl (template_name
= <<'EOF'). Here is an example:

    # The failure template is used for undeliverable mail.

    failure_template = <<EOF
    Charset: us-ascii
    From: MAILER-DAEMON (Mail Delivery System)
    Subject: Undelivered Mail Returned to Sender
    Postmaster-Subject: Postmaster Copy: Undelivered Mail

    This is the mail system at host $myhostname.

    I'm sorry to have to inform you that your message could not
    be delivered to one or more recipients. It's attached below.

    For further assistance, please send mail to postmaster.

    If you do so, please include this problem report. You can
    delete your own text from the attached returned message.

                       The mail system
The usage and specification of bounce templates is subject to the following restrictions:
No special meaning is given to the backslash character or to leading whitespace; these are always taken literally.
Inside the << context, the "$" character is special. To produce a "$" character as output, specify "$$".
Outside the << context, lines beginning with "#" are ignored, as are empty lines, and lines consisting of whitespace only.
Examples of all templates can be found in the file bounce.cf.default in the Postfix configuration directory.


The first portion of a bounce template consists of optional
template headers.  These either become message headers in
the delivery status notification, or control the formatting
of the notification. Headers not specified in a template
will be left at their default value.

The following headers are supported:
Charset: The MIME character set of the template message text. See the "TEMPLATE MESSAGE TEXT FORMAT" description below.
From: The sender address in the message header of the delivery status notification.
Subject: The subject in the message header of the delivery status notification.
Postmaster-Subject: The subject that will be used in Postmaster copies of undeliverable or delayed mail notifications. These copies are sent under control of the notify_classes configuration parameter.
The usage and specification of template message headers is subject to the following restrictions:
Template message header names can be specified in upper case, lower case or mixed case. Postfix always uses the spelling as shown in the example above.
Template message headers must not span multiple lines.
Template message headers must not contain main.cf $parameters.
Template message headers must contain ASCII characters only.


The second portion of a bounce template consists of message
text. As the above example shows, template message text may
contain main.cf $parameters. Besides the parameters that are
defined in main.cf, the following parameters are treated
specially depending on the suffix that is appended to their
delay_warning_time_suffix Expands into the value of the delay_warning_time parameter, expressed in the time unit specified by suffix, which is one of seconds, minutes, hours, days, or weeks.
maximal_queue_lifetime_suffix Expands into the value of the maximal_queue_lifetime parameter, expressed in the time unit specified by suffix. See above under delay_warning_time for possible suffix values.
The usage and specification of template message text is subject to the following restrictions:
The template message text is not sent in Postmaster copies of delivery status notifications.
If the template message text contains non-ASCII characters, Postfix requires that the Charset: template header is updated. Specify an appropriate superset of US-ASCII. A superset is needed because Postfix appends ASCII text after the message template when it sends a delivery status notification.


bounce(8), Postfix delivery status notifications
postconf(5), configuration parameters


The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.


The Postfix bounce template format was originally developed by
Nicolas Riendeau.


Wietse Venema
IBM T.J. Watson Research
P.O. Box 704
Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA